Wednesday, November 30, 2016

New Orleans Public Belt Railroad - Interview with Mayor Mitch Landrieu - Part 1

At the end of August, Mayor Landrieu made good on his offer to allow me an interview with him regarding the fate of the New Orleans Public Belt Railroad.  The interview lasted an hour and I'm going to break it up in to sections on a few, possibly three, posts.

In this first sound byte, I asked the Mayor why he seemed so intent on selling and/or leasing the NOPB when nearly all of the other stakeholders, including the main stakeholder - The Port of New Orleans, were adamantly opposed to changing the status quo of the entity established over a century ago.  He quickly corrected me stating that his intent was not necessarily to sell the NOPB but to get an evaluation of the entity as a City asset:

NOPB - Mayor Landrieu - reasoning behind KPMG evaluation from Jason Berry on Vimeo.

The KPMG evaluation was delivered to the City a couple of weeks ago and in the last Board of Commissioners meeting the Mayor's representative on the Board, Ryan Berni, announced that the evaluation did not recommend a sale.  However, it did recommend either entering a public/private partnership for the lease of the Public Belt to be managed by a private company or maintaining the status quo of the NOPB with the City making improvements to the line in a yet to be determined agreement with the NOPB.

Berni then informed the Board that an RFP will be floated by the City to determine interest in the public/private lease option.

As I've posted previously, the Public Belt was originally designed to be a kind of market regulator for the Port of New Orleans.  It was never designed to be a profit-generating entity.  The Belt is a unique municipal asset among American cities in that it was created as a public entity to control rail costs for merchants looking to do business with the Port of New Orleans.

In that respect, many of the businesses that have invested in New Orleans, such as warehouses located along the NOPB line, built their investments on the premise that the rail lines connecting the Port to the Tier 1 railroads would remain in the public realm.  By privatizing the Public Belt (even as a public/private lease) a private company would immediately look at ways to gain a competitive advantage and subsequently pose a potential threat to the bottom line of not just the ancillary companies serving the Port but the Port itself.

Twisted Tracks

In the nearly 116 years since the NOPB's inception, some very complicated agreements with the Class 1 railroads have sprung up along with murky, undefined trackage rights. The most notable is a Joint Maintenance Agreement for the Huey P. Long Bridge involving The State of Louisiana, the NOPB (City of N.O.) and two private Tier 1 companies: BNSF and Union Pacific.  .

(For reference and the sake of brevity, I will list some of the main issues at the bottom of the thread for those who want to dig through them.)

In the interview, I asked both the Mayor and Ryan Berni if the KPMG evaluation was taking into account these myriad contract agreements and trackage rights issues that have developed over the last century surrounding the Public Belt and if it was even possible to create an accurate evaluation without understanding and unraveling these complications:

NOPB - Complications in trackage rights, etc. from Jason Berry on Vimeo.

I have not yet obtained a copy of the KPMG evaluation but have reached out to representatives from the company for comment.  I am not sure if the evaluation did take in to account any, all or none of the agreements of which I queried Mayor Landrieu and Berni.

In the meeting last week, Port stakeholders voiced their opposition to the public/private lease option and even the release of the RFP, stating it was creating a market disruption for future investment and business in the Port.  Berni dismissed the concern, noting that the NOPB just turned in a record month.

Also in the meeting, a letter was read from an attorney who represents the Tier 1 companies, Carmac M. Blackmon, esq., voicing the national rail carriers opposition to the public/private lease of the NOPB.

The dissent of the Tier 1 companies is disconcerting.  If these companies such as BNSF and Union Pacific decide to play hardball on the trackage rights issues upon the NOPB being leased to a private company, it could lead to a protracted legal battle with the City resulting in the NOPB losing access to portions of the NOPB line.  Worse, it could lead to some or many of the Tier 1 companies deciding to pull out of New Orleans completely, creating a significant disruption in Port business and operations.

I asked the Mayor if he was concerned about the effect the potential sale/lease of the NOPB was having on the Port, I will address that issue in the next post.

Contractual Issues surrounding the New Orleans Public Belt (not a definitive list):

-  The NOPB has twelve agreements with Canadian National Railway that range from trackage rights, customer service and wharfs, intermodal, and interlocker usage and maintenance. Canadian National actually owns a portion of the NOPB mainline that allows the NOPB to use for free.

-  The NOPB has three agreements with CSX Railroad regarding trackage rights, track maintenance, and signal maintenance of the Almonaster Bridge over the Industrial Canal which lies on the CSX mainline.

- BNSF has trackage rights from Avondale, over the Huey P. Long, all the way to Gentilly.

- The Huey P. Long Bridge is under a Joint Maintenance Agreement between BNSF, Union Pacific, the State of Louisiana and the NOPB.  It is unclear how the two Tier 1 rail companies would react to a private company taking over maintenance and full access to the bridge of which they have an ownership interest.

- The City would have to get federal approval from the Surface Transportation Board to lease the NOPB.

- Will the City protect the labor union jobs if the NOPB is leased to a private company?   Currently the NOPB supports about 160 high paying jobs.  How many of these jobs will be eliminated if a private company runs the Belt?

- Local stakeholders have existing agreements and contracts with the NOPB. Will these contracts be honored and if so for how long?

- The lease of the NOPB could greatly affect the New Orleans Gateway, particularly the highly trafficked French Quarter.  As of now, the City has ultimate control over the union workers that operate the NOPB and can control issues surrounding highly trafficked tourism events such as Mardi Gras.  The introduction of a private company could negate much of the control the City exercises over the rail usage and interfere with high volume events.  Especially if the Tier 1 companies choose to exercise their own trackage rights and bypass the NOPB altogether.

- Under current state laws, the NOPB and the City do not share revenue, expenses, or legal liability.  How will these issues be resolved and will it require changes to law on the state level?

-  Currently the NOPB is exempt from property and sales tax.  Would these exemptions be eliminated if a private company runs the Belt and if so how would that affect the cost of business for the Belt and subsequently the Port?

Friday, November 18, 2016

New Orleans Public Belt Railroad - November 2016 Commissioners Meeting

The long awaited KPMG analysis has finally been completed and turned in to the City.  Today at the monthly Board of Commissioners meeting Mayoral Representative Ryan Berni announced that the analysis recommends not selling the Public Belt but does recommend entering a public/private partnership to manage the railroad.  He went on to announce that the city would put out a Request for Proposal (RFP) and expected a decision to be made between 3 and 7 months:

Public Belt Railroad - Ryan Berni reports on City's decision regarding the outcome of the KPMG report from Jason Berry on Vimeo.

During public comment a handful of stakeholders once again objected to changing the status quo of the NOPB and the issuing of the RFP. One comment led to a somewhat contentious exchange between David Kearney, President of the Kearny Companies, Inc. and Ryan Berni starting at about the 4:40 mark:

Public Belt Railroad - Public Comment on KPMG report and announcment of Public-Private Partnership RFP from Jason Berry on Vimeo.

I didn't have a lot of time to comment tonight because I have some real world work to knock out but I plan on making some more in-depth posts over the weekend including publishing some excerpts from an interview with Mayor Landrieu about the status of the Public Belt.  He was kind of enough to grant me an audio interview about the NOPB back in September.

More to come.

Friday, October 28, 2016

Caroline Fayard...keepin' it classy

I really had every intention of keeping my opinion to myself during this Senate race....I swear.  I have been admittedly absent from the AZ world, even though I have some upcoming stories on the Public Belt I've been working on. Including an interview with Mayor Landrieu regarding his perspective of the issue.

As my readers know, I've written extensively about Caroline Fayard's father, Calvin Fayard, in respect to his role as a plaintiff steering committee attorney with the BP oil spill settlement and as one of the law firms who bullied their way in to the Wisner Trust oil spill settlement.  While Caroline did play a part in both stories, especially the Wisner drama, I figured I would just let the stories speak for themselves if anyone wanted to read about it.

Then Fayard announced she was opposed to the lawsuit the state is filing against oil and gas companies to hold them accountable for the damage they've done to our state's coast.  She said, "It's very easy for politicians and people to say, 'Let's just sue. Litigation's expensive.  It's costly. It's time consuming. And there's no guarantees."

I literally spit coffee on my keyboard the first time I read that.

Still....I had nothing to say. campaign went and did this absurd, tasteless bullshit:

Caroline Fayard chooses to continue running David Duke-themed anti-Foster Campbell ad, loses Alliance for Good Government endorsement

After she accused Campbell's campaign of being focused on attacking her family:

An act of desperation?  Absolutely...and a pathetic one at that.  But the blowback has been swift and merciless leaving even the little, penny-ante sycophants running for cover (i could link that but I won't).

There's only so much sanctimony and hypocrisy a zombie can take, homeys.

Sooooo.....let me remind you of a little Vanity Fair article that was published back in June of 2006 in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.

It showcased Carloline's father, Calvin, playing Billy Joe Baddass in the front yard of his multi-million dollar wedding cake house (paid for with litigation that doesn't always work).

The online version of the story doesn't have the photos that were included in the magazine edition but luckily Zombie has a scanner.

Who you gonna shoot, Rambo?

Look at those swingin' dicks with their thousand dollar suits and Remington shotguns just waitin' for a "thug" to try and loot their mansion.

Finger on the trigger...judges on speed dial.

Here's the corresponding paragraph to the picture:
Some of the city’s richest residents stepped into the breach, taking security into their own hands. In New Orleans’s upscale Uptown neighborhood, well-heeled and well-armed property owners, sometimes with security guards to assist them, kept possible looters at bay, carrying firearms openly in their neighborhoods and looking after neighbors’ homes and valuables—even keeping a close watch on friends’ irreplaceable art collections. Attorney Calvin Fayard—one of the region’s major political fund-raisers for the Democratic Party, and the owner of the so-called Wedding Cake House, one of the city’s grand mansions—would remain at home and on guard with a coterie of like-minded friends. Some would use their powerboats to rescue the marooned. Their neighbors would dine on gourmet food from nearby specialty stores. Some would bathe in their stagnant swimming pools. One or two would take the opportunity to fly by helicopter to the office to shred potentially sensitive business documents—to prevent them from falling into the wrong hands, should law and order break down altogether.  

It cracks me up that he actually posed for this photo...replete with sunglasses and Armani, Perlis, (whatever) suit.  He must have been really proud of himself.  And something tells me even though Brinkley buried "Some would use their powerboats to rescue the marooned" in the middle of the paragraph as a compassionate caveat, Calvin was most likely not in that number.  

Fayard's campaign is trying desperately to associate Foster Campbell with something racist. Meanwhile, her Pops was flaunting that bullshit in Vanity Fair during the most vulnerable period this city ever experienced.

Monday, August 29, 2016

AZ shows in the Gambit blog trifecta

A big shout out to whoever voted for AZ in the Gambit "Best Blogger Poll".  AZ came in third behind a Mommy blog and a really smokin' hot Asian model selling some trendy girlie stuff.

Mommies should always come first so that's right and as luck would have it, I'm married to a smokin' Asian model, myself.  So, I'm very happy with the Show in this horse race.  In fact, on reflection I think I won the trifecta.

The honor is humbling considering I took an extended hiatus since November to try and justify why the hell I keep doing this.  I don't have an answer for that so don't expect one.  

Thank you Gambit voters, much love.  I will buy all of you a drink....just hit me up.

Friday, August 26, 2016

New Orleans Public Belt Railroad - City Contract with KPMG

I'm away from my computer but I wanted to post the KPMG contract the City just issued for $55,000 to complete the option for sale of the New Orleans Public Belt Railroad.  

When you read this keep in mind the contractor, KPMG, stands to make a multi-million dollar windfall on the potential sale. This conflict issue has not been addressed by the City or the they just knowingly issued a contract with this vendor fully aware that the conflict exists.  It's one of the main reasons the NOPB Commission voted to remove the option for sale from the original  evaluation back in the June meeting.

Incidentally Emily Sneed Arata was approved by City Council to replace Kyle Wedberg in yesterday's CC meeting.  

Friday, August 19, 2016

New Orleans Public Belt Railroad - A Mayoral Reminder

On July 7, 2016, at a District C Budget meeting in Algiers, I asked Mayor Mitch Landrieu about his intentions to sell The New Orleans Public Belt Railroad, an asset of the City of New Orleans since the turn of the 20th century.  His full reply is in the preceding post but I want to draw your attention to this particular sound byte:

New Orleans Public Belt Railroad - Mayor Landrieu quote on who appointed the Commission members from Jason Berry on Vimeo.

“Now Public Belt Railroad is an independent board…I make some of the appointments, the Governor makes some…and they forget who appointed them and say they want to do whatever they want to do.”
The quote seems to be contradictory.  If the NOPB Commission is an "independent" board is it their responsibility to serve the interests of the entity itself or to serve at the leisure of the Mayor as he implied at the end of the statement?

Last week Public Belt Railroad Commissioner and President/CEO of New Orleans Center for the Arts, Kyle Wedberg, abruptly resigned his position on the Public Belt Railroad Commission.  I emailed Wedberg today to seek comment on the reason he left the Commission at such a critical juncture but I have received no reply as of yet.  His handpicked replacement could sway the balance of power in a future decision to sell the NOPB.  

Wedberg's commission position was one of three Mayoral appointments allotted to the Mayor on the nine-person entity.

In the June 23rd NOPB Commission meeting, Wedberg was the one who originally made the motion to remove the option for sale from an evaluation being created by the company hired by the Commission to evaluate the Public Belt's worth, KPMG, after hearing the objections of major business interests that rely on the NOPB including The Port of New Orleans representatives.  The motion was subsequently voted on and passed but the Commission representative for the Mayor, Ryan Berni, informed the Commission that the City would move ahead with the valuation for sale even if they had to pay for it out of City coffers.

Last week the City made good on that promise and contracted KPMG independently of the Commission to complete the valuation for sale of the Public Belt.  The estimated cost to complete it was valued at about $50,000.

According to an off-the-record source, French based New Orleans RTA contractor Veolia Transportation has expressed interest in purchasing NOPB if the option for sale is eventually passed.

A source also suggested that the Mayor may be replacing Wedberg's commission position with long-time Landrieu cofnidante, Emily Sneed Arata.  Arata has worked in some capacity with Mayor Landrieu since his tenure as Lt. Governor, including serving as Deputy Mayor of Communications under his first Mayoral term.  Sneed left her stint with the City in January of 2016 to take a job with Ochsner Health Systems.

I contacted Arata to confirm or deny her appointment but have yet to receive a reply.

I confirmed through NOPB officials that the Mayor can fill Wedberg's vacated position on the Commission at his own discretion if his candidate is approved by City Council.

The appointment could prove to be the deciding factor on whether or not the Public Belt is offered up for sale.

If you are new to AZ, I would suggest you take some time to go back and read my reporting on Mayor Landrieu's efforts to seize full control of the Wisner Trust back in 2013, there are striking similarities in the story of that partially-owned city asset and what's unfolding now with NOPB:

Starting here:

American Zombie: The Wisner Fund - Battle for the Bayou - Part I

American Zombie: The Wisner Fund - Battle for the Bayou - Part 2

Unfortunately Blogger does not have the greatest ability for searching past posts in a chronological fashion but if you have further interest in the story you can read more simply by typing in "Wisner" in the search field window: 

Or you can simply ask me in the Comments section.

Thursday, July 14, 2016

New Orleans Public Belt Railroad - Destination Unknown

Right around the turn of the 20th century, at the height of the Gilded Age, when the rise of railroads were creating monopolies and wealth the likes of which this country had never seen...New Orleans found itself in a dilemma.  

The City’s greatest asset, The Port of New Orleans, was completely dependent upon rail service to carry goods back and forth across the country.

The ownership of rail services in the city limits had fractured to the point where freight merchants were being charged multiple times to get their goods to and from the Port.  The railroad lines in the City were gouging the merchants and city officials recognized this could endanger the business viability of the Port.  

In an effort to address the problem, The City of New Orleans Municipal Affairs Committee conceived the idea of a city-owned belt railroad system to bypass the fractious local lines, thereby ensuring price regulation and preventing gouging by multiple “gatekeepers”.  

On August 7, 1900, City of New Orleans Ordinance 2683 was enacted under Mayor Paul Capdevielle, creating the “New Orleans Public Belt Railroad” to be publicly funded and built by 1915.  The organizational structure stated that NOPB would be governed by a Board of Commissioners comprising sixteen “tax paying citizens”.

Established in 1900, the New Orleans Public Belt Railroad currently maintains
25 miles of main track and 97 miles of yard track

Construction began in 1905 and by 1908 the NOPB was up and running with one locomotive.  By 1921 the Louisiana legislature set forth a master plan for the NOPB that was eventually enacted into law by 1976.  

In 1916, the state legislature also passed a constitutional amendment that granted the City, through the Public Belt, the right to build a bridge providing rail passage across the Mississippi River.  After many starts and stops due to lack of funding during the Great Depression, the Huey P. Long bridge was fully funded in 1932 by an agreement between the City/NOPB, the State of Louisiana and a private investor, the Southern Pacific Railroad.  The first train crossed the bridge in 1935.

The NOPB ran smoothly over the past century...with multiple expansions that coincided with the general growth of industry in the Port.  

Going off the rails

In 2010, FOX 8 investigative reporter Lee Zurik uncovered rampant self-dealing within the NOPB Governance centering around then General Manager, Jim Bridger.  

Bridger was using the NOPB and its assets, luxury rail cars, as his own personal slush fund to wine and dine his friends, even taking expensive vacations on the NOPB dime.  Bridger eventually pleaded guilty to violating state ethics laws and was forced to pay out close to $20,000 in fines and restitution.  
It was a serious black eye for the Public Belt which had just spent a lot of money in 2007, under Bridger’s tenure, renovating their Tchoupitoulas Street Headquarters while the rest of the City was still picking up the pieces from the Federal Flood of 2005.  

More than one corrupt head rolled in New Orleans government in the wake of Hurricane Katrina and while Bridger’s wasn’t the most high profile Post-K scandal, it left a stain on the NOPB as a public institution.

Immediately after the scandal unfolded, recently elected Mayor Mitch Landrieu was quick to condemn Bridger and eventually called for the resignation of all fifteen commissioners.

That happened in short order and within a month Landrieu had reinvented the Commission with only nine Commissioners instead of the required sixteen as mandated in CNO Ordinance 2683 from 1900.  The Mayor then had a bill pushed through the 2011 state legislative session, retroactively ratifying his decision to decrease the commissioners from sixteen to nine.

In the very first meeting after his overhaul of the Commission, with his new handpicked commissioners in place, Landrieu began suggesting the Public Belt’s corporate governance was “outdated” and that the entity should be sold, leased or at the very least managed by a private entity. 

Alluding to the Bridger scandal, the Mayor told the Times-Picayune, “We need to convince the people of New Orleans that this asset is being used for their benefit.”

The Public Belt's Mission

Truth be told, the majority of New Orleanians have no idea what the Public Belt does, much less whether or not it serves the public interest.  While it is a publicly owned entity, it was not designed to “serve the public”. 

It was designed to serve The Port of New Orleans, solely.  

It was not created to be a profit-driven market-responsive enity.  To the contrary, it was designed to be a publicly-owned market regulator that ensures the future success of the City’s main cash cow, the Port.

In that capacity, the Public Belt has become a market "bubble" that private companies who rely on it have built their businesses around, assuming it would stay static.

Landrieu puts the wheels in motion

Last Fall, at the behest of the Mayor, the NOPB Commission issued an RFP (Request for Proposal) to conduct an assessment of the entity along with a valuation for possible sale. 

National accounting firm, KPMG, which has a New Orleans office, won the bid and is expected to complete its official survey by late August/early September.  While the official report is still a work in progress, this is a Powerpoint Presentation detailing a financial analysis of the NOPB delivered to the Commission this year by KPMG:

KPMG PPT Presentation 2016

The initial estimate places the valuation of the NOPB somewhere between $61 million to $196 million.

Committee hits the brakes  

Last month, June 23rd, the NOPB Commission held a public meeting to discuss the ongoing KPMG assessment and potential sale, or lease, of the entity. Numerous stakeholders who rely on the Public Belt showed up at the meeting and voiced their opposition to the potential sale or lease, hence privatization, of the entity. 

One of those voicing their concern was David Kearney, President of The Kearney Companies, a warehouse and logistics operation company on the Public Belt line and the second largest customer of the NOPB in respect to volume and revenue.  Kearney is worried about the effect the mere speculation of a potential sale is having on future business development along the Public Belt, by his company and others.

Jack Jensen, President of the largest customer of the NOPB, TCI Companies, a plastics packaging provider, not only voiced his opposition to the potential sale but called for a halt to the KPMG assessment. 

David Schulingkamp, President Pro Tempore of the NOPB Board of Commissioners, asked Jensen exactly how the ongoing assessment and speculation of sale was disrupting TCI and other stakeholder's businesses.

The main concern seems to be the market disruption that privatizing, or even partially privatizing, the NOPB would create.  As Jensen noted, it could give rise to a possible monopoly in the services industry surrounding the Port.  A future private owner of the NOPB could build their own warehouses along the line and undercut existing businesses like Kearney’s and Jensen’s, giving it an unfair advantage in the market.

A Buyer?

One potential buyer who has made his interest known is New Orleans businessman Thomas Coleman, former CEO of International Matex Tank Terminals, a liquid storage facility established by his father, James Coleman, Sr. in 1939.  The company was sold by Thomas two years ago for $1 billion dollars in cash.  Coleman also happens to be the father-in-law of John Georges, who owns The Advocate. 

Ryan Berni, The Mayor's representative on the NOPB, suggested another possible buyer: The Port of New Orleans itself.  However, at the NOPB June meeting the rumor was put to rest by 
Michael W. Kearney, Vice-President of the the Board of Commissioners for the Port of New Orleans and former President of the aforementioned Kearny Companies.

More self dealing?

Shortly after the Commission heard public comment - which was overwhelmingly, in fact totally, opposed to the sale or lease of the NOPB - the commissioners had an intense discussion on whether or not they should move forward with the KPMG study.  

In that conversation, David Schulingkamp, President Pro Tempore of the Commission, noted that KPMG had a vested interest in the sale of the NOPB and stood to potentially make up to $6 million if the Commission decided to sell.  He stated that he had asked KPMG to waive the possibility of receiving the $6 million if the NOPB sale occurred but a KPMG company representative declined that request.  

Commissioner Ruthie Frierson also replied to Bonura stating "To me, it is a conflict."

Not for sale

Taking into account the concern among the private stakeholders in the room, Commissioner Kyle Wedberg then made a motion to go ahead and move forward with the KPMG evaluation but demanded the finished product within sixty days of the meeting date (June 23, 2016) in order to allay the uncertainty the stakeholders are facing with future business decisions they claim are dependent upon the status quo of the dealings ranging in the 100's of millions of dollars.

More importantly, Wedberg moved to completely strike the motion for sale from the evaluation. 

Ryan Berni then stated that the City would move forward with the full evaluation, including the option for sale, in spite of any decision the Commission made to have it removed.  I asked him about this after the meeting and he said the Mayor had “an obligation to the public” to assess the property’s value and consider a sale, irrespective of the Commission’s decision to exclude that option.

To date the NOPB has spent $267,000 on the KPMG study.  To move forward with the assessment another $50,000 is required. Ryan Berni told the Commission that the City is prepared to foot that bill independently of the NOPB Commission if necessary. 

The motion to eliminate the option for sale from the assessment was subsequently approved by a vote of the Commission.

....maybe it is for sale?

Mayor Landrieu seems intent on moving forward with the valuation for sale of the NOPB in spite of the Commission's decision. 

On Thursday, July 7th, I attended a City Budget Meeting for District C at the Alice Harte Charter School on the West Bank.  I asked the Mayor about his original impetus to sell the Public Belt and, now that the Commission had voted to strike the option to sell, would he honor the Commission's decision.  This was his response. 

I’m going to stop here. It’s interesting the Mayor threw out Warren Buffet’s name.  I’m not sure if he’s suggesting Buffett is interested in purchasing the NOPB or if he was simply using him as an example of a private railroad investor.  

Much more to come, including what a NOPB sale might look like and if it's even feasible...stay tuned.

Correction:  In the original post I said Commissioner Ruthie Frierson noted that KPMG stood to potentially make up to $6 million on the sale of the Public Belt.  It was actually David Schulingkamp who pointed that out after a question was posed to the Commission by Chris Bonura, Director of Business Development for the Port of New Orleans.  Frierson was the first person to respond to Bonura's question and stated it appeared to be a conflict, Schulingkamp then brought up that KPMG stood to make $6 million from the potential sale.  I have corrected this in the post and I here is the actual conversation (note: the audio is very low and difficult to hear which is why I did not include it in the original story).

Committee discussion on KPMG from Jason Berry on Vimeo.